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World War II Wiki
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World War II Wiki

A map of China in WW2

China is a country in East Asia located next to the Pacific Ocean. Its capital was Nanking, relocated to Chongqing after the Japanese took Nanking. The War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression was an important part of World War II. During the war of against Japan, large swathes of land were taken from the Chinese, namely the coastal areas and major industrial centers (ie. Shanghai, Tianjin, and Wuhan).

Military Forces

China's military was for the most part poorly-trained and under-equipped. It suffered from incompetent officers and army corruption, and lacked modern planes and ships. Also, China was embroiled in much civil strife during the time of the Japanese invasion. This civil strife included the Encirclement Campaigns against the communists, Chiang's White Terror in major cities, as well as warlordism in the west and north. In 1933, the Japanese invaded Manchuria, encountering little to no resistance. It then proceeded to take the provinces of Rehe and Chahar, forming the puppet states of Manchukuo and Mengkukuo. By this time, the Chinese had already began preparing for an imminent confrontation with Japan. At the start of the War of Resistance, the Japanese quickly took Beijing and Tianjin. Meanwhile, SNLF marines took over the key city of Shanghai. The fall of Shanghai would open a gate to the capital, Nanking. When the Japanese captured it, they committed an orgy of looting, rape, and massacre. Despite the losses of large parts of Eastern China, the Chinese forces (of the Nationalists, Communists, and KMT-aligned warlords) would continue to offer stiff resistance under talented commanders such as Xue Yue, Tu Yu-ming, and Hu Zongnan to the invaders until 1945.

Political information

The Two Parties

There were two parties, the KMT (or Kuomintang led by Chiang Kai Shek) and the CCP (or Communist China Party , led by Mao Ze Dong). In truth, many people in the party was better fed than in the KMT. This was because Mao Zhe Dong was a hardworking farmer and his family was poor. Most of the army was made out of poor hardworking farmers tired of the rule of KMT.

People

  • Sun Yat-sen (or Sun Zhongshan)
  • Mao Zedong
  • Chiang Kai Shek


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