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World War II Wiki
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World War II Wiki
Sino japanese war.jpg

The Second Sino-Japanese War was an fifteen-year conflict between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China in the years of September 18, 1931, to the end of the Second World War on September 9, 1945.

This Sino War was not the first and a previous conflict was fought between the same countries forty-two years prior in 1894. The war began as a way to expand the Japanese Empire, adding more chances to take land and resources from China while also gaining more power over the entire continent of Asia. Japan surrendered in 1945 and the Empire was dissolved, ending the Second Sino-War effectively.

History

Prelude

Japanese aggression in the Pacific has been a constant since the start of the 1930's. The Empire had efficiently broken away from the League of Nations and began to conquer countries with smaller governments. Starting with the Murkden Incident (September 18th Incident) and another notable instance being Manchuria, which had been taken over by Japan six years ago. From Manchuria, Japan launched several small campaigns to take small pieces of land from China. Because China was mostly divided on itself in a lengthy civil war, the country was not able to pay all attention to their Imperialist neighbors. Making it easier for Japan to get ready for a full-fledged war in China six years later.

Start

While the two countries were fighting minor battles many years prior to the Second Sino-War, the war officially began in July of 1937. This battle was known as the Marco Polo Bridge Incident. The Chinese were pushed back by the Invading Japanese forces and many cities were taken in a short amount of time. Japan in December brutality captured the city of Nanking in the Battle of Shanghai resulting in the infamous massacre and rape of the city.

Events

1931

  • Murkden Incident

1932

  • January 28th Incident

1937

1938

  • Battle of Xuzhou
  • Battle of Northern and Eastern Henan
  • Amoy Operation
  • Bombing of Chongqing (Until 1943)
  • Battle of Wuhan
  • Canton Operation

1939

  • Battle of Nanchang
  • Battle of Suixian–Zaoyang
  • 1st Battle of Changsha 
  • Battle of South Guangxi (Until 1940)
  • 1939–40 Winter Offensive (Until 1940)

1940

  • Battle of Zaoyang–Yichang
  • Hundred Regiments Offensive
  • Central Hubei Operation

1941

  • Battle of South Henan
  • Western Hubei Operation
  • Battle of Shanggao
  • Battle of South Shanxi
  • 2nd Battle of Changsha

1942

  • 3rd Battle of Changsha
  • Battle of Yunnan-Burma Road
  • Zhejiang-Jiangxi campaign

1943

  • Battle of West Hubei
  • Battle of Northern Burma and Western Yunnan (Until 1945)
  • Battle of Changde

1944

  • Operation Ichi-Go
  • Battle of Mount Song 

1945

  • Battle of West Henan–North Hubei
  • Battle of West Hunan
  • Second Guangxi Campaign
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